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Resource Directory

A select group of books, articles, and websites on the development and measurement of learning outcomes are listed in this resource directory. Topics include good practices, techniques, and assessment strategies to facilitate the implementation of student learning outcomes. Related resources on learning-centered education are available in the Learning College Project Resource Directory.



Angelo, T. & Cross, P. (1993). Classroom Assessment Techniques: A Handbook for Faculty (2nd Edition). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


Astin, A. (1991). Assessment for Excellence: The Philosophy and Practice of Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education. New York: American Council on Education and Macmillan Publishing Company.


Banta, T. W. & Associates. (1993). Making a Difference: Outcomes of a Decade of Assessment in Higher Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


Banta, T. W. (1996). Assessment in Practice: Putting Principles to Work on College Campuses. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


Brown, G., et al. (1997). Assessing Student Learning in Higher Education. London: Routledge.


Davis, B. G. (1993). Tools for Teaching. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


Diamond, R. M. (1998). Designing and Assessing Courses and Curricula: A Practical Guide. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


Dolence, M. & Norris, D. (2001). Transforming Higher Education: A Vision for Learning in the 21st Century. Ann Arbor, MI: Society for College and University Planning.


Jacobi, M., Astin, A., & Ayala, F. (1987). College Student Outcomes Assessment: A Talent Development Perspective. College Station, TX: Association for the Study of Higher Education.


McMillan, J.H. (Ed.( (1988). Assessing Students’ Learning. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, Number 34. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


McTighe, J., & Wiggins, G. (1998). Understanding by Design. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.


Nichols, J. O. (1991). The Departmental Guide to Implementation of Student Outcomes Assessment and Institutional Effectiveness. New York: Agathon Press.





Alfred, R. L. (1986). Measuring student outcomes through the associate degree. ERIC Digest. ERIC Clearinghouse for Community Colleges, Los Angeles, CA. ED269116.


Cress, C. (1996). Assessment and Testing: Measuring Up to Expectations. ERIC Digest. ERIC Clearinghouse for Community Colleges, Los Angeles, CA. ED391559.


Day, S. L., & Koorland, M. a. (1997). The Future Isn’t What It Used To Be: Student Competencies for the 21st Century. Contemporary Education, 69, pp. 34-40.


Hebel, S. (2000). A Community College Pioneers a Results-Oriented Approach. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 473, pp. A29-A30. 


Lorenzo, A. L. (1998). A Framework for Fundamental Change: Context, Criteria, and Culture. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 22(4), pp. 335-348.


Paulson, K., & Ewell, P (1999). “21st Century Skills for Community College Education: The Critical Role of Competencies.” Paper prepared for the League for Innovation in the Community College, Mission Viejo, CA.


Rakow, S. J. (1999). Involving Classroom Teachers in the Assessment of Preservice Intern Portfolios. Action in Teacher Education, 21(1), pp. 108-115.


Stiehl, R., & Lewchuk, L. (2000). OUTCOMES Primer: Reconstructing the College Curriculum. Corvallis, OR: The Learning Organization.


von Destinon, M. (1993). Outcomes Assessment and Minority Students in
Community Colleges.
Community College Journal of Research & Practice, 17(6), pp. 497-508.


Weinstein, C. E. (1996). Learning How to Learn: An Essential Skill for the 21st Century. Educational Record, 77, p. 48-52.


Wiggins, G. P. (1993). Assessing Student Performance: Exploring the Purpose and Limits of Testing. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.