Sally M. Johnstone is vice president for academic advancement at Western Governors University (WGU). Prior to joining WGU, she was the provost and vice president for academic affairs at Winona State University in Minnesota. She also spent almost two decades at the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE) as the executive director of the WICHE Cooperative for Educational Technologies (WCET). Dr. Johnstone continues to work on issues of higher education policy, quality assurance, competency-based education, and open and distance learning. She serves on the U.S. National Commission for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNECSO), and the editorial boards for Change magazine and the Journal of Open Learning (UK). She has written dozens of articles, books, and reports on issues of integrating information and communication technology into academics. Johnstone earned her Ph.D. in experimental psychology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.